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Exploring culture in Hanoi Temple of Literature

Temple of Literature - Hanoi motorbike tour
A corner of Temple of Literature
One of the cannot-be-missed stop-overs in any Cityinsight's Hanoi city tour is the Temple of Literature, which is only 10 minutes from the heart of Hanoi capital – Hoan Kiem Lake. It was firstly used to honor Confucius under Ly Thanh Tong’s dynasty since it had been constructed in 1070. Six years later, King Ly Nhan Tong continued building Quoc Tu Giam as the 1st University of Vietnam. 
Nowadays, the Temple of Literature is to celebrate the doctorates and high rank scholars of Vietnam like students with top entrance results to university or top graduation outcomes. 

The Temple is structurally separated into 05 courtyard, each of which treasures its owns significance and history. 
1st Courtyard: You can easily see the first court yard as it stretches from the main gate of Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam to Dai Trung Gate.

2nd Courtyard:  Khue Van Cac pavilion is the most outstanding in the second court yard. Wandering around Hanoi streets, it’s not difficult to find out that the pavilion of the Temple of Literature has been symbolized on all streets signs.

3rd Courtyard: Stepping into the third court yard, where doctor names was listed on a tombstone above tortoise backs, you can see 82 Turtle Stone Steles, with names and origins of 1307 doctors, corresponding to 82 examination courses from 1442 to 1779. 
4th Courtyard: is for dedicating for Confucius and his 72 honored students (including the famous teacher Chu Van An). Hanoi currently choose the 4th Courtyard to cherish its excellent students. 

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