With a development process through various dynasties in Vietnam from Dinh Dynasty in the 10th century to the Nguyen Dynasty in the early 20th century, royal dance originated to serve royalty, and was performed at different royal ceremony occasions. The Vietnamese royal dance has been fixed the form clearly in the Viet and Cham people community.
For Vietnamese locals, the great majority of royal dances aimed at wishing the sovereign and his family happiness, prosperity and longevity. For example, the origin of the various forms of Mua quat (fan dance) and the numerous complicated dance pieces are the creation of later dancing forms including the Tam Tinh Chuc Tho, the Bat Tien Hien Tho and the Luc Triet Hoa Ma Dang.
Other royal dances such as the Tam Quoc Tay Du (Traveling through the Three Western Countries) or the Nu Tuong Xuat Quan (Departure of the Female Warrior) were invented to celebrate legendary or historical events. Besides, a number of important ritual dances were also developed to be dedicated to Buddha, including the dances Luc Cung Hoa Dang and Song Quang. In particular, the most solemn and intriguing royal dance was the Bat Dat which involves groups of 64 civil and military dancers and was presented latterly as an integral component of the annual sacrificial rites of the Nguyen Kings at Nam Giao Esplanade in ancient Hue City.
For Cham people, royal dances include apsara (Tra Kieu) and the sight of royal dance (Champa).
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