A corner of Temple of LiteratureOne of the cannot-be-missed stop-overs in any Cityinsight's Hanoi city tour is the Temple of Literature, which is only 10 minutes from the heart of Hanoi capital – Hoan Kiem Lake. It was firstly used to honor Confucius under Ly Thanh Tong’s dynasty since it had been constructed in 1070. Six years later, King Ly Nhan Tong continued building Quoc Tu Giam as the 1st University of Vietnam. Nowadays, the Temple of Literature is to celebrate the doctorates and high rank scholars of Vietnam like students with top entrance results to university or top graduation outcomes.
The Temple is structurally separated into 05 courtyard, each of which treasures its owns significance and history. 1st Courtyard: You can easily see the first court yard as it stretches from the main gate of Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam to Dai Trung Gate.
2nd Courtyard: Khue Van Cac pavilion is the most outstanding in the second court yard. Wandering around Hanoi streets, it’s not difficult to find out that the pavilion of the Temple of Literature has been symbolized on all streets signs.
3rd Courtyard: Stepping into the third court yard, where doctor names was listed on a tombstone above tortoise backs, you can see 82 Turtle Stone Steles, with names and origins of 1307 doctors, corresponding to 82 examination courses from 1442 to 1779.
4th Courtyard: is for dedicating for Confucius and his 72 honored students (including the famous teacher Chu Van An). Hanoi currently choose the 4th Courtyard to cherish its excellent students. 5th Court yard: Last but not least is the furthest 5th Courtyard – Thai Hoc house – used to be the first university of Vietnam. Not only preserving a small collection of old time costumes for students and mandarins, but Thai Hoc house also explains the process of taking and passing the national examination.
Turtle Stone Steles At Temple Of Literature
In particular, for those who are fond of architecture, the Temple of Literature owns one of the most outstanding architecture styles of composing of wood and tiles. Along the pass way is 100-year-old tree who witness many of ups and downs of Vietnam history.
You can visit the Temple of Literature every day from 8:30 to 11:30 and 13:30 to 16:30, except for Monday and National Holidays of Vietnam. Otherwise, if you want to explore Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam and more about the charming capital city of Vietnam, a half-day Hanoi motorbike tour is surely an excellent option.